Physical properties of carbon steel - Shandong Jiugang Tisco Steel Co., Ltd.

About   Contact    |    

Trade Assurance Shandong Jiugang Tisco Steel Co., Ltd.

The world's best product manufacturing and trading service provider



Physical properties of carbon steel

Carbon steel is an alloy of iron and carbon with a carbon content ranging from 0.05% to 2.0% by weight. The physical properties of carbon steel vary depending on its composition and processing.

Density: The density of carbon steel ranges from 7,800 to 8,050 kg/m3.

Melting Point: The melting point of carbon steel is approximately 1,370°C (2,500°F).

Thermal Conductivity: Carbon steel has a relatively high thermal conductivity, ranging from 46.6 to 50.2 W/m-K.

Electrical Conductivity: Carbon steel is a poor conductor of electricity.

Hardness: Carbon steel is known for its hardness and toughness. Its hardness varies depending on the carbon content, heat treatment, and other factors.

Strength: Carbon steel is known for its high strength and durability. Its strength is influenced by its composition and processing.

Ductility: Carbon steel is generally ductile, meaning it can be shaped and formed without breaking.

Magnetic Properties: Carbon steel is magnetic and can be magnetized.

Corrosion Resistance: Carbon steel is susceptible to corrosion, but its resistance to corrosion can be improved by adding certain elements to the alloy, such as chromium and nickel.

Machinability: Carbon steel is relatively easy to machine, but its machinability can be affected by the presence of certain alloying elements.

Carbon steel can be divided into several types based on their carbon content, such as low-carbon steel, medium-carbon steel, high-carbon steel, and ultra-high-carbon steel. Each type of carbon steel has different properties and uses.

Low-carbon steel is the most commonly used type of carbon steel, with a carbon content of less than 0.30% by weight. It is easy to form, weld, and machine, and is used in applications such as construction, automotive, and general engineering.

Medium-carbon steel has a carbon content of between 0.30% and 0.60% by weight. It is stronger and harder than low-carbon steel but is less ductile and harder to weld. It is used in applications such as forging, axles, and gears.

High-carbon steel has a carbon content of between 0.60% and 1.0% by weight. It is extremely hard and strong, but also brittle and difficult to weld. It is used in applications such as cutting tools, knives, and springs.

Ultra-high-carbon steel has a carbon content of between 1.0% and 2.1% by weight. It is the hardest and strongest type of carbon steel, but also the most brittle. It is used in applications such as knives, chisels, and die casting.

Choosing the right carbon steel depends on several factors, including the intended use, the required properties, and the budget. Here are some things to consider when choosing carbon steel:

Determine the intended use: The first step in choosing carbon steel is to determine what you will be using it for. Carbon steel comes in a variety of grades, each with its own unique properties, so it’s important to choose the right grade for your specific application.

Consider the properties you need: Carbon steel comes in different grades that vary in their properties such as strength, toughness, and corrosion resistance. For example, if you need a steel with high hardness and wear resistance, you may want to choose a high-carbon steel. On the other hand, if you need a steel that can withstand corrosion, you may want to choose a low-carbon steel.

Look at the manufacturing process: Carbon steel can be manufactured using a variety of processes, each of which can affect the steel’s properties. Some processes, such as hot rolling or cold drawing, can increase the steel’s strength, while others, such as annealing, can improve its ductility and toughness.

Consider your budget: The cost of carbon steel can vary depending on the grade and the manufacturing process used. If you have a limited budget, you may need to choose a lower-grade steel or a simpler manufacturing process.

Consult with a professional: If you are unsure about which carbon steel to choose, it’s always a good idea to consult with a professional, such as a metallurgist or a steel supplier. They can help you select the right steel for your needs based on their expertise and experience.



Leave a Reply

Leave a message